Your Camera Basics | Settings

January 29, 2017

All You Need To Know About Camera Basics

Cameras are a complex piece of technology if you don’t have much experience, so it’s all down to trial and error. I receive comments on my photography often and realised I hadn’t written a guide to help you lovelies out. Photography can be a little overwhelming, and if you try to search for help, you’re just swarmed in jargon that doesn’t make any sense to a beginner. So here is your guide to camera basics and getting those pesky settings right!


Aperture is able to control the amount of blur or sharpness around an object. This means that it is able to monitor the size of the lens opening that allows light in. It’s expressed as a number which is known as the f/stop (the f stands for focus or focal).  So for example, if you had a high aperture then the lens will widen which means more light is let into the camera. This leads to a low f/stop which means your image isn’t in focus and the background will become blurry. On the other hand, a low aperture means the lens closes more and less light is allowed into the camera which means the f/stop is much higher and the image is a lot more in focused. 

Shutter Speed 

The shutter speed controls how long the shutter opens to expose the image sensor to the light that has come from the aperture. The shutter speed setting control is able to process how long the shutter should open to expose the image sensor to the light. If the shutter is open for a very short time, then it is able to capture a fast moving object which is ideal for situations such as taking images of animals and sports events. On the other hand, you can show the movement of a fast-moving object by changing the setting of the shutter speed and allowing it to stay open for longer which would be a slower shutter speed.


ISO has always sounded the most confusing to me, but it is so much easier than you think. The ISO can detect the light that is needed for proper exposure. So it’s very bright where you are then you’re likely to have an overexposed image, so it’s important to have a low ISO number. On the other hand, if the conditions are too dark then the ISO needs to become higher. One problem with high ISO is that images can become grainy which is why you should try and have the lowest ISO as possible.

Manual Mode

Manual mode is my go to when taking high-quality close-ups. It can be more time-consuming, but you will get the best out of your images. Manual mode makes it so much easier to get the exposure and brightness you need. I find it’s better to focus on the right thing rather than automatic mode which can take a few attempts. (Not cool when your camera card is full, and you have to sit deleted images while being heartbroken because that outfit pic was just too cute!) When you’re new to photography then manual mode can be very confusing, but trust me, practice makes perfect, and it’s 100% worth it! 
Have any questions? Then feel free to ask below!
Happy photographing!
Hope x

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